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Autor: Robert N. Emde
ISBN-13: 9780306415630
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 418
Gewicht: 772 g
Format: 235x161x30 mm
Sprache: Englisch

Continuities and Discontinuities in Development

Topics in Developmental Psychobiology
1 Entering a New Era in the Search for Developmental Continuities.- New Views of Discontinuities and Continuities.- Changing Biological Models.- New Strategies for Longitudinal Study.- Plan of the Volume.- References.- I Current Research Perspectives Related to the Continuity of Early Experience.- 2 Continuity and Change in the Opening Years of Life.- Development as a Connected Sequence of Stages.- The Challenge to Connectivity.- Ontogenetic Adaptation.- The Attractiveness of Connectivity.- The Argument for Discontinuity.- The Preservation of Individual Differences: The Evidence.- The Preservation of Inhibition.- The Maturation of Cognitive Competences.- The Growth of Memory.- The Growth of Self-Awareness.- A Sense of Right and Wrong.- The Role of Inference.- Empathy.- The Adaptiveness of Standards.- Anxiety to Mastery Failure.- Motivation on Problem Tasks.- Self-descriptive Utterances.- Recognition of Self.- Summary.- References.- 3 Continuities and Discontinuities in Socioemotional Development: Empirical and Conceptual Perspectives.- Meanings of Continuity.- Methodological Issues.- Strength of Continuities in Behavior.- Reasons for Expecting Discontinuity.- Situationism.- Situational Effects.- Individual Differences.- Person-Situation Interactions.- Persistence of Environmental Effects.- Developmental Considerations.- Luck, or the Roulette Wheel View of Life's Chances.- Possible Mechanisms Underlying Continuities.- Continuities in the Environment.- Selection of Environments.- Opportunities.- Effects on the Environment.- Vulnerability, Resilience, and Coping Skills.- Habits, Attitudes, and Self-Concepts.- The Effects of Experience on Neural and Neuroendocrine Systems.- Imprinting and Other Similar Phenomena.- Effects on Personality Structure.- Overview on Continuities and Discontinuities.- References.- 4 Age-related Aspects of Experience Effects upon Brain Structure.- Plasticity in Brain Development.- Adult Brain Plasticity.- A Mechanism of Plasticity: Selective Preservation of Synapses.- The Primate Geniculostriate Visual System.- Development of the Geniculostriate System.- Effects of Experience Manipulation during Development.- Developmental Patterns in Other Neuronal Systems.- Selective Preservation as a Continuing Process in Brain Function.- References.- II Studies of Discontinuities and Developmental Transitions.- 5 Detecting Developmental Discontinuities: Methods and Measurement.- Two Methods for Detecting Discontinuities.- Scalogram Analysis.- Method of Multiple Tasks.- Second-Order Discontinuities.- Correlation Method: Relations among Domains.- Concordance Method: Relations among Conditions.- Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 6 Developmental Continuities and Discontinuities in a Form of Familial Dyslexia.- Two Kinds of Continuity in Genetic Family Studies.- Genetic Methods and Results (Level I): The Use of Linkage.- Analysis.- Cognitive Methods and Results (Level III).- Cross-Generational Continuity.- Lateral Continuity.- Discussion.- Methods and Results Pertaining to the Surface Phenotype (Level IV).- Cross-Generational Continuity.- Lateral Continuity.- The Neurological Basis of Developmental Dyslexia (Level II).- Overall Discussion.- References.- 7 The Study of Transitions: Conceptual and Methodological Issues.- The Concept of Transitions.- Transitional Event.- Transitional Period.- Transitional Mechanism.- The Concept of Change.- Level Change.- Structural Change.- Centrality Change.- Types of Transitions.- Developmental Transitions.- Endogenous and Exogenous Transitional Events.- Typologies of Life Events.- Methodological Considerations.- Design Strategies.- Data Analytic Strategies.- Methodology and Theory.- Two Examples of the Study of Transitions.- Conclusion.- References.- 8 Self-produced locomotion: an organizer of emotional, Cognitive, and social development in infancy.- Self-produced Locomotion in Theoretical Perspective.- Development of Spatial Sensorimotor Performance: Fear of.- Heights.- Visual C
"Continuities and Discontinuities in Development" was the theme for the Second Biennial DPRG Retreat, a three-day meeting held at Estes Park, Colorado, in June 1982. The meeting was sponsored by the Devel opmental Psychobiology Research Group (DPRG) of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. The DPRG is a group of individuals conducting research in many areas of develop ment who meet on a regular basis to present and discuss their work and receive feedback and encouragement. In 1974, this group was awarded an endowment fund by the Grant Foundation, the aims of which were to facilitate the research of young investigators, to encourage new re search, and to provide seed money for collaborative ventures. Much of the work reported in this volume and in the earlier volume from the First DPRG Retreat is the result of that support. In addition to the work of the members of the DPRG, a select group of guests was invited to participate in the meeting and contribute to this volume. The chapters by William Greenough, Jerome Kagan, and Michael Rutter result from the participation of these scholars at the retreat. We would like to acknowledge the support of a number of indi viduals who have been instrumental in supporting the DPRG as a whole, as well as those who contributed directly to the Second Biennial Retreat and to the volume.
Autor: Robert N. Emde
ISBN-13:: 9780306415630
ISBN: 0306415631
Verlag: Springer, Berlin
Gewicht: 772g
Seiten: 418
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 235x161x30 mm, XIX, 418 p.