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Autor: A. Michael Huberman
ISBN-13: 9780306416934
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 312
Gewicht: 826 g
Format: 254x178x23 mm
Sprache: Englisch

Innovation up Close

Environment, Development and Public Policy: Public Policy and Social Services
How School Improvement Works
1. Introduction.- 2. Twelve Brief Case Histories.- 3. Before Implementation.- 4. The Implementation Process.- 5. Transformations over Time.- 6. The Outcomes of School Improvement.- 7. Why School Improvement Succeeds or Fails.- 8. What Have We Learned? Summary and Integration of Findings.- References.- Appendix A. Data Collection Effort and Methods, by Site.- Appendix B. Sensitizing Codes and Operational Definitions.- Appendix C. Example of a Causal Network with Associated Text.
School improvement, like motherhood, has many advocates. Everyone is for it, without having to campaign actively on its behalf. And just as the 100% of people who have had mothers think they know how mothering could be done better, so the (nearly) 100% of people who have been pupils in schools, or have even taught in or managed them, think they know how schools can be im proved. More precisely, they are sure that schools ought to be improved. The trouble is that they propose a staggering, conflicting range of methods of improving the schools, from ;'back to the woodshed" to teacher merit pay, a stiffer curriculum, a stronger tax base, reorganization, a more humane climate, "teacher-proof" innovations, community involvement-the list is nearly end less. Furthermore, the issues are not merely technical, but normative and po litical. The term improvement is itself problematic. One person's version of improvement is another's version of wastefulness or even of worsening the schools. Furthermore, the versions that win out in any particular school are not Improvement sometimes turns out to be merely a necessarily technically "best. " code word for the directives that administrators have successfully put into place, or for the agreements that teachers have lobbied into being. How much do we really know about school improvement? The available research literature is quite substantial, but not as helpful as it might be.
Autor: A. Michael Huberman
ISBN-13:: 9780306416934
ISBN: 030641693X
Verlag: Springer, Berlin
Gewicht: 826g
Seiten: 312
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 1984
Sonstiges: Buch, 254x178x23 mm, XX, 312 p.