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Autor: Giulio Casati
ISBN-13: 9780306418983
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 380
Gewicht: 871 g
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsdatum: 30.04.1985

Chaotic Behavior in Quantum Systems

.120, NATO Science Series B
Theory and Applications
Mathematical and Physical Properties of Schrodinger Equations with Random and Almost-Periodic Potentials.- Small Divisors in Quantum Mechanics.- The Relation Between Quantum Mechanics and Classical Mechanics: A Survey of some Mathematical Aspects.- Lifshitz Singularity of the Integrated Density of States and Absence of Diffusion Near the Bottom of the Spectrum for a Random Hamiltonian.- Fluctuations in Nuclear Spectra.- Characterization of Fluctuations of Chaotic Quantum Spectra.- Spectral Fluctuations and Chaos in Quantum Systems.- Aspects of Degeneracy.- Periodic Orbits and a Correlation Function for the Semiclassical Density of States.- Mild Chaos.- Regular and Irregular Energy Spectra.- Stochastic Ionization of Bound Electrons.- Quantum Diffusion Limitation at Excitation of Rydberg Atom in Variable Field.- Quantum Chaos and Anderson Localization.- Transition of Coherent Classical Wave to Phase Incoherence.- Chaos in Dissipative Quantum Systems.- Semiclassical Quantization on Fragmented Tori.- Quantum Ergodicity and Intensity Fluctuations.- Aspects of Intramolecular Dynamics in Chemistry.- Semiclassical Analysis of Regular and Irregular Modes of Quantum Coupled Oscillators.- Quantum Chaos as Basis for Statistical Mechanics.- Continual Observations in Quantum Mechanics.- Classical Quantization: Two Possible Approaches.- Quantum Chaos and the Theory of Measurement.- Bohr's "Phenomenon" and "Law Without Law".
Six years ago, in June 1977, the first international conference on chaos in classical dynamical systems took place here in Como. For the first time, physicists, mathematicians, biologists, chemists, economists, and others got together to discuss the relevance of the recent progress in nonlinear classical dynamics for their own research field. Immediately after, pUblication of "Nonlinear Science Abstracts" started, which, in turn, led to the Physica D Journal and to a rapid increase of the research activity in the whole area with the creation of numerous "Nonlinear Centers" around the world. During these years great progress has been made in understanding the qualitative behavior of classical dynamical systems and now we can appreciate the beautiful complexity and variety of their motion. Meanwhile, an increasing number of scientists began to wonder whether and how such beautiful structures would persist in quantum motion. Indeed, mainly integrable systems have been previously con sidered by Quantum Mechanics and therefore the problem is open how to describe the qualitative behavior of systems whose classical limit is non-integrable. The present meeting was organized in view of the fact that scientists working in different fields - mathematicians, theoretical physicists, solid state physicists, nuclear physicists, chemists and others - had common problems. Moreover, we felt that it was necessary to clarify some fundamental questions concerning the logical basis for the discussion including the very definition of chaos in Quantum Mechanics.
Autor: Giulio Casati
ISBN-13:: 9780306418983
ISBN: 0306418983
Erscheinungsjahr: 30.04.1985
Verlag: Springer, Berlin
Gewicht: 871g
Seiten: 380
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, VIII, 380 p.