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Autor: Paul O. Schwille
ISBN-13: 9780306419317
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 997
Gewicht: 1870 g
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsdatum: 01.05.1985
I. General Aspects.- Genetics.- Inborn Errors of Metabolism Complicated by Urolithiasis - Examples from Purine Metabolism.- Urolithiasis in a Large Kindred Deficient in Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT).- Urolithiasis in Hereditary Renal Hypouricemia.- Familial Xanthinuria in a Large Kindred: Purine Metabolites in Plasma and Urine of Xanthinurics, Siblings and Normal Subjects.- Heredity, Serum Phosphate and Urinary Calcium in Calcium Urolithiasis.- The Significance of the Sexual Dependency of Lithogenic and Inhibitory Substances in Urine.- Epidemiology.- Incidence of Renal Stones in Western Countries.- Urolithiasis - Epidemiological Data from the South of Portugal.- Epidemiological Aspects of Urolithiasis in a German County.- Epidemiology of Urolithiasis and Calcium Metabolism in Human Diabetes Mellitus.- Nutrition.- Urinary Calcium Excretion and Net Acid Excretion: Effects of Dietary Protein, Carbohydrate and Calories.- Dietary Factors Important in Calcium Stone-Formation.- Dietary Factors as Causes of the So-Called Renal Leak of Calcium in Idiopathic Stone Formers.- Dietary History and Dietary Records in Renal Stone Patients and Controls.- Urolithiasis in Southern Rajasthan: Contribution of Dietary Oxalate to Urinary Oxalate.- Nutrition and Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis.- The Effect of an Increased Intake of Various Constituents of a High Animal Protein Diet on the Risk of Calcium Oxalate Stone Formation in Men.- Calculogenic Potential of the Diet - A New Concept.- Tea Drinking - A Risk Factor for Urolithiasis?.- Environment.- Influence of Water Quality on Urolithiasis.- Drinking Water Quality and Urolithiasis.- II. Gastrointestinal Physiology and Pathophysiology.- Intestinal Absorption of Calcium: Basic Aspects.- Nephrolithiasis Associated with Intestinal Disease.- Intestinal Absorption of Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphate and Oxalate: Deviation from Normal in Idiopathic Urolithiasis.- Kinetic Study of the Intestinal Calcium-Binding Protein in Absorptive Hypercalciuria.- Intestinal Flora and Oxalate Excretion in Patients with Enteric Hyperoxaluria.- Renal Tubular Function in Patients Following Intestinal By-pass Operations.- Mechanism of Sodium Glycolate Absorption in Rat Intestine.- Intestinal Absorption of Oxalate in Gonadectomized Rats.- Effect of Maleic Acid on the Intestinal Uptake of Calcium and Oxalate in Pyridoxine-Deficient Rats.- III. Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology.- The Renal Handling of Magnesium.- Influence of Bicarbonate on the Renal Handling of Magnesium.- Urinary Excretion of Citrate - Influence of Metabolism and Acid-Base Conditions.- The Renal Handling of Citrate.- Effects of Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis on the Renal Brush Border Membrane Transport of Citrate.- Renal Handling of Oxalate.- Relation of Severity of Renal Impairment to Tissue Calcium Concentration in the Human Kidney.- Calcification Sites in Human Kidneys - A REM Study.- The Influence of Glucose and Insulin on Calcium Excretion in the Urine.- The Effect of Indomethacin and Flurbiprofen on Calcium Excretion and Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Anaesthetized Rat.- IV. Metabolism.- Studies on the Endogenous Production of Oxalate in Man.- Red Blood Cell Transmembrane Oxalate Flux in Idiopathic Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis.- The Effect of Ingestion of Megadoses of Ascorbic Acid on Urinary Oxalate Excretion in Normal Subjects and Stone Formers.- Interactions of Steroid Hormones and Pyridoxine in the Regulation of Oxalate Metabolism in Rats.- Glyoxylate Oxidation and Enzymes of Oxalate Biosynthesis in Thiamine-Deficient Rats.- Effect of Pyruvate on Oxalate-Synthesizing Enzymes in Liver and Kidney of Glycolate-fed Rats.- Is Magnesium Metabolism Related to Calcium Urolithiasis?.- Low Urinary Magnesium/Calcium Ratio Due to Increased Urinary Calcium Excretion in Essential Hypertension.- A Study of Factors Affecting Urinary Citrate Levels.- Relation Between Hypercalciuria and Vitamin D3-Status in Renal Stone Formers.- V. Clinical Uroli
Urolithiasis is a common disorder which is recognised in most parts of the world and occurs in both man and animals. The multifactorial nature of the problem requires an interdisciplinary approach which has always been a feature of this series of International Symposia which started in Leeds in 1968 and has progressed at four-yearly intervals through Madrid, Davos and Williamsburg. The latest Meeting, at Garmisch-Partenkirchen in April 1984, involved 302 participants from all five continents. The major emphasis of the Meeting was to blend the basic and clinical research on urolithiasis. Comprehensive reviews of the major areas of current research were presented by invited speakers, all internationally recognized experts in their fields. From more than 250 submitted abstracts, 18 were selected for oral presentation and the remainder presented at three afternoon poster sessions which provided an opportunity for informal and more lengthy discussions of the work on display. The Meeting also included three ad hoc Evening Discussions on how to approach various unsolved questions in the clinical and laboratory evaluation of stone patients and four Round Table Discussions involving specialists in the field who debated the theoretical aspects of stone formation in the urinary tract, the measurement of inhibitory activity of urine, the treatment of idiopathic stones with drugs, and the nature and treatment of stones arising from urinary tract infection.
Autor: Paul O. Schwille
ISBN-13:: 9780306419317
ISBN: 0306419319
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.05.1985
Verlag: Springer, Berlin
Gewicht: 1870g
Seiten: 997
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 98 SW-Abb.,