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Autor: Friedrich G. Barth
ISBN-13: 9783211997482
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 438
Gewicht: 1502 g
Format: 270x193x mm
Sprache: Englisch
Biological sensing organs have - due to their optimized specialization throughout evolution - an enormous potential for technical, industrial and medical applications. This applies to sensors specialized for different forms of energy such as optical, electrical, magnetic, mechanical and chemical to name a few of them.This book brings together the first hand knowledge of the frontiers of research in their respective specialization, namely biology, engineering, physical sciences and mathematics opening the way for new research strategies and ways of thinking. The specific topics cover a broad spectrum ranging from biological sensing systems of various organisms, processes of energy transformation and transduction to sensor array fabrication and application. These different fields are linked and glued together by what a sensory system has to accomplish, both in biology and engineering.
Preface.- I. General: 1. From biology to engineering: insect vision and applications to robotics.- 2. Nature as model for technical sensors.- II. Vision. A. Seeing: 3. Color sensing of butterflies.- 4. Insect tangential cell analogues and implications for efficient visuomotor control.- 5. Biologically inspired enhancement of dim light video.- 6. Event-based silicon retinas and cochleas.- B. Visual control: 7. The mode-sensing hypothesis: matching sensors, actuators and flight dynamics.- 8. Adaptive encoding of motion information in the fly visual system.- 9 Visual motion sensing and flight path control in flies.- III. Olfaction: 10. Cuticular hydrocarbon sensillum for nestmate recognition in ants.- 11. Fluid mechanical problems in crustacean active chemoreception.- 12. Stagnation point flow analysis of odorant detection by permeable moth antennae.- IV. Mechanoreception. A. Hearing: 13 . Man made versus biological in-air sonar systems.- B. Touch: 14. Active sensing: head and vibrissal velocity during exploratory behaviors of the rat.- 15. Touch mechanoreceptors: modeling and simulating the skin and receptors to predict the timing of action potentials.- C. Medium motion: 16. Assessing the mechanical response of groups of arthropod filiform flow sensors.- D. Strain and substrate motion: 17. Spider strain detection.- 18. The golden mole middle ear: a sensor for airborne and substrate-borne vibrations.- 19. Insect inertial measurement units: gyroscopic sensing of body rotation.- V. Infrared and electro-reception: 20. Designing a fluidic infrared detector based on the photomechanic infrared sensilla in pyrophilous beetles.- 21. Remote electrical sensing: detection and analysis of objects by weakly electric fishes.- 22. Microsecond and millisecond time processing in weakly electric fishes.- VI. Bioinspired sensors, sensor materials and fabrication: 23. Synthetic materials for bio-inspired flow-responsive structures. 24. Polyelectrolyte hydrogels as electromechanical transducers.- 25. Single-molecule detection of proteins using nanopores.- 26. A numerical approach to surface plasmon resonance sensor design with high sensitivity using single and bimetallic film structures.- 27. Deflection-based flow field sensors - examples and requirements.- 28. Design and fabrication process for artificial lateral line sensors.- Index.- List of contributors.- About the editors.
Biological sensory systems, fine-tuned to their specific tasks with remarkable perfection, have an enormous potential for technical, industrial, and medical applications. This applies to sensors specialized for a wide range of energy forms such as optical, mechanical, electrical, and magnetic, to name just a few.
This book brings together first-hand knowledge from the frontiers of different fields of research in sensing. It aims to promote the interaction between biologists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians and to pave the way for innovative lines of research and cross-disciplinary approaches. The topics presented cover a broad spectrum ranging from energy transformation and transduction processes in animal sensing systems to the fabrication and application of bio-inspired synthetic sensor arrays. The various contributions are linked by the similarity of what sensing has to accomplish in both biology and engineering.
Editiert von: Friedrich G. Barth, Joseph A. C. Humphrey, Mandyam V. Srinivasan
Friedrich G. Barth, born in Munich, Germany, in 1940, studied biology and human physiology at the University of Munich and at the University of California at Los Angeles. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Munich in 1967. In 1974 he succeeded Martin Lindauer as the Chair of Zoology at the University of Frankfurt am Main. In 1987 he then moved to the University of Vienna, where he established the Department for Neurobiology and founded the Austrian Neuroscience Association, for which he served as the first president. Since 2008 he has held the status of professor emeritus at the University of Vienna. His research interests centre on invertebrate neurobiology. Always considering the entire animal and its natural behaviour in its natural habitat, his approach combines fieldwork with laboratory work and the application of advanced technologies in search of functional principles. The main focus of his work has been on the workings of sensory systems and their neuroethological roles as well as related biomechanical and physical questions. Multidisciplinary collaborations with physical scientists and engineers characterize much of Professor Barth's research. Together with Pepe Humphrey he organized several international conferences to bring together biology and the physical sciences. The senses of spiders, remarkably sophisticated both in a biological and technical sense, and, more recently, problems of communication in meliponine ("stingless") bees took most of his attention. His own research and fieldwork, lecturing, and many guest professorships took him to numerous countries all around the world. He is a member of the Academia Europaea, the German National Academy of Sciences/Leopoldina, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, and the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In 2001 he received the prestigious Karl Ritter von Frisch Medal of the German Zoological Society. Apart from having published some 170 full-length research papers he has served as the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Comparative Physiology A since 1996 and is the author and editor of several books. Among them are "Insects and Flowers: The Biology of a Partnership" (1991), "A Spider's World: Senses and Behavior" (2002) and "Sensors and Sensing in Biology and Engineering" (FG Barth, JAC Humphrey, T Secomb eds.) (2003). Joseph A.C. Humphreygest. was born in La Habana, Cuba, in 1948, and earned diplomas in Chemical Engineering both from the University of Barcelona, Spain in 1970 and from the University of Toronto, Canada (M.A. Sc.) in 1973. In 1977 he received a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of London, and in 1997 a D.Sc. in Engineering, again from the University of London. Having started out at Princeton University in 1977, Pepe (as everyone called him) joined the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of California in Berkeley in 1978 and stayed there until 1994 as an Assistant Professor, Associate and ultimately Full Professor. After two years at the University of Arizona in Tucson and three years at Bucknell University, he settled at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville in 2000 as Wade Professor of Engineering and Applied Science and Head of the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, with an unusual joint appointment in the Department of Biology. In March 2010 his sudden death abruptly ended Joseph Humphrey's remarkable career. His main research interests were transport phenomena, laminar and turbulent flows, flow - structure interactions, and biological flows as well as bio-inspired sensors and sensing. Joseph Humphrey was a true lover of nature and enthusiastically collaborated with biologists aiming to uncover and understand flows at various interfaces and length scales and their relation to the natural environment. Among the animal sensors he mainly worked on were the medium flow sensors of spiders and fish and insect chemoreceptors. His experimental and computational resea
Autor: Friedrich G. Barth
ISBN-13:: 9783211997482
ISBN: 3211997482
Verlag: Springer, Wien
Gewicht: 1502g
Seiten: 438
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2012
Sonstiges: Buch, 270x193x mm, w. 100 col. figs.