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Heterogeneous and Liquid Phase Processes

Laboratory Studies Related to Aerosols and Clouds
 Buch
Besorgungstitel | Lieferzeit:3-5 Tage I
ISBN-13:
9783540607922
Einband:
Buch
Seiten:
254
Autor:
Peter Warneck
Gewicht:
511 g
Format:
254xx mm
Serie:
Vol.2, Transport and Chemical Transformation of Pollutants in the Troposphere
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

1.- 1.1 Highlights of the Results.- 1.2 Original Aims of the EUROTRAC Subproject HALIPP.- 2 Review of the Activities and Achievements of the EUROTRAC Subproject HALIPP.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Sulfur (IV) Oxidation by Ozone, Hydroperoxides and Hypochlorous Acid.- 2.3 Transition Metal Ions and Their Role in Atmospheric Waters.- 2.4 Photochemical Sources of Radicals in Atmospheric Water Drops.- 2.5 Free Radical Reactions in the Aqueous Phase.- 2.6 Gas-Liquid Interactions.- 2.7 Aerosol Surface Reactions and Photocatalysis.- 2.8 General Conclusions.- Individual Reports from HALIPP Contributors.- 3 Sulfur(IV) Oxidation.- 3.1 Kinetic Investigation of the Stability of Peroxonitric Acid and its Reaction with Sulfur(IV) in Aqueous Solution T. Amels, R. Elias, U. Götz, U. Steingens and K. J. Wannowius (Darmstadt).- 3.2 Electrolyte Effects on Aqueous Oxidation of Sulfur Dioxide by Strong Oxidants J. Lagrange, P. Lagrange, C. Pallarès and G. Wenger (Strasbourg).- 4 Transition Metal Ions in Atmospheric Waters.- 4.1 Metal Ion Catalysed Autoxidation of Dissolved Sulfur Dioxide J. Berglund and L. I. Elding (Lund).- 4.2 Catalytic Effects of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles in the Aqueous Phase of Trace Gases I. Grgic, M. Poje, M. Novic, M. Bizjak and V. Rudnik (Ljubljana).- 4.3 Kinetics of Ozonation Processes in Cloud and Fog Water: Effect of Transition Metal Ions on Free Radical Reactions J. Hoigné and R. Böhler (DübendorflZürich).- 4.4 Kinetics of S(IV) Oxidation in Aqueous Solution: Impact of Transition Metal Ion Transformations W. Pasiuk-Bronikowska K. J. Rudzinski T. Bronikowsk J. Ziajka (Warsaw).- 4.5 The Interaction of SOX and NOy Species in Aqueous Solution: Photo and Metal Ion Catalysis R. van Eldik M. Gei?ler C. Brandt V. Lepentsiotis (Erlangen).- 5 Photochemical Sources and Reactions of Free Radicals in the Aqueous Phase.- 5.1 Kinetics and Mechanisms of Acid Generation in Clouds and Precipitation G. V. Buxton G. A. Salmon S. Barlow T. N. Malone S. McGowan S. A. Murray J. E. Williams N. D. Wood (Leeds).- 5.2 Chain Oxidation Mechanisms of S(IV) in Aqueous Solution: Application of Radical Scavenger Techniques P. Warneck H.-J. Benkelberg U. Deister M. Fischer A. Schäfer J. Ziajka (Mainz).- 5.3 Formation and Reaction of Oxidants in the Aqueous Phase R. Zellner H. Herrmann M. Exner H.-W. Jacobi G. Raabe A. Reese (Essen).- 6 Gas-Liquid Interactions.- 6.1 Photocatalysis of Tropospheric Chemistry by Sea Spray W. Behnke M. Elend C. George H.-U. Kröger V. Scheer C. Zetzsch (Hannover).- 6.2 Phase Partitioning and Redox Processes in Fog and Cloud Systems W. Jaeschke J. Dierssen S. Volkwein J. Wohlgemuth (Frankfurt/Main).- 6.3 Gas-Liquid Interactions P. Mirabel C. George L. Magi J. L. Ponche (Strasbourg).- 6.4 Laboratory Determination of Physico-chemical Rate Parameters Pertinent to Mass Transfer into Cloud and Fog Droplets U. Schuraih A. Bongartz J. Kames C. Wunderlich T. Carstens (Bonn).- 7 Aerosol Surface Reactions and Photocatalysis.- 7.1 Determination of ß-Pinene OH Radical Rate Constant - Possible Impact of Solid Particles P. Foster I. Denis V. Jacob (Grenoble).- 7.2 Calorimetric Study of Lewis Acid Centres and Adsorbed Water in the Heterogeneous Reactions Involving Tropospheric Particles J.-C. Petit J. Thlibi (Orléans).- 7.3 Laboratory Studies of the Phototransformation of Organic Compounds in the Presence of Water and/or Inorganic Particulate Solids P. Pichat C. Guillard C. Hoang-Van H. Delprat D. Mas F. Marine T. Bouvier B. Servajean (Lyon).- 7.4 Heterogeneous Reactions of Nitrogen Oxides (NO2, N25, HNO3, CIONO2) with Surfaces Representative of Atmospheric Aerosol M. J. Rossi F. F. Fenter K. Tabor F. Caloz L. Gutzwiller (Lausanne).- 7.5 Heterogeneous Reactions of Air Pollutants on Various Solid Surfaces C. Vinckier N. Van Hoof S. Ashty F. Compernolle (Leuven).- 8 HALIPP Publications 1988-1995.
The "European Experiment on the Transport and Transformation of Environmentally Relevant Trace Constituents over Europe" (EUROTRAC) was established in 1986 to tackle the scientific problem and combine the expertise, knowledge and resources in Europe, in order to apply them over a large region covering the greater part of the continent. EUROTRAC is a coordinated multidisciplinary scientific research project involving field measurements, laboratory studies, instrument development and development of comprehensive computer models for the simulation of the physical and chemical processes in the lower atmosphere.

1.- 1.1 Highlights of the Results.- 1.2 Original Aims of the EUROTRAC Subproject HALIPP.- 2 Review of the Activities and Achievements of the EUROTRAC Subproject HALIPP.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Sulfur (IV) Oxidation by Ozone, Hydroperoxides and Hypochlorous Acid.- 2.3 Transition Metal Ions and Their Role in Atmospheric Waters.- 2.4 Photochemical Sources of Radicals in Atmospheric Water Drops.- 2.5 Free Radical Reactions in the Aqueous Phase.- 2.6 Gas-Liquid Interactions.- 2.7 Aerosol Surface Reactions and Photocatalysis.- 2.8 General Conclusions.- Individual Reports from HALIPP Contributors.- 3 Sulfur(IV) Oxidation.- 3.1 Kinetic Investigation of the Stability of Peroxonitric Acid and its Reaction with Sulfur(IV) in Aqueous Solution T. Amels, R. Elias, U. Götz, U. Steingens and K. J. Wannowius (Darmstadt).- 3.2 Electrolyte Effects on Aqueous Oxidation of Sulfur Dioxide by Strong Oxidants J. Lagrange, P. Lagrange, C. Pallarès and G. Wenger (Strasbourg).- 4 Transition Metal Ions in Atmospheric Waters.- 4.1 Metal Ion Catalysed Autoxidation of Dissolved Sulfur Dioxide J. Berglund and L. I. Elding (Lund).- 4.2 Catalytic Effects of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles in the Aqueous Phase of Trace Gases I. Grgic, M. Poje, M. Novic, M. Bizjak and V. Rudnik (Ljubljana).- 4.3 Kinetics of Ozonation Processes in Cloud and Fog Water: Effect of Transition Metal Ions on Free Radical Reactions J. Hoigné and R. Böhler (DübendorflZürich).- 4.4 Kinetics of S(IV) Oxidation in Aqueous Solution: Impact of Transition Metal Ion Transformations W. Pasiuk-Bronikowska K. J. Rudzinski T. Bronikowsk J. Ziajka (Warsaw).- 4.5 The Interaction of SOX and NOy Species in Aqueous Solution: Photo and Metal Ion Catalysis R. van Eldik M. Gei?ler C. Brandt V. Lepentsiotis (Erlangen).- 5 Photochemical Sources and Reactions of Free Radicals in the Aqueous Phase.- 5.1 Kinetics and Mechanisms of Acid Generation in Clouds and Precipitation G. V. Buxton G. A. Salmon S. Barlow T. N. Malone S. McGowan S. A. Murray J. E. Williams N. D. Wood (Leeds).- 5.2 Chain Oxidation Mechanisms of S(IV) in Aqueous Solution: Application of Radical Scavenger Techniques P. Warneck H.-J. Benkelberg U. Deister M. Fischer A. Schäfer J. Ziajka (Mainz).- 5.3 Formation and Reaction of Oxidants in the Aqueous Phase R. Zellner H. Herrmann M. Exner H.-W. Jacobi G. Raabe A. Reese (Essen).- 6 Gas-Liquid Interactions.- 6.1 Photocatalysis of Tropospheric Chemistry by Sea Spray W. Behnke M. Elend C. George H.-U. Kröger V. Scheer C. Zetzsch (Hannover).- 6.2 Phase Partitioning and Redox Processes in Fog and Cloud Systems W. Jaeschke J. Dierssen S. Volkwein J. Wohlgemuth (Frankfurt/Main).- 6.3 Gas-Liquid Interactions P. Mirabel C. George L. Magi J. L. Ponche (Strasbourg).- 6.4 Laboratory Determination of Physico-chemical Rate Parameters Pertinent to Mass Transfer into Cloud and Fog Droplets U. Schuraih A. Bongartz J. Kames C. Wunderlich T. Carstens (Bonn).- 7 Aerosol Surface Reactions and Photocatalysis.- 7.1 Determination of ß-Pinene OH Radical Rate Constant - Possible Impact of Solid Particles P. Foster I. Denis V. Jacob (Grenoble).- 7.2 Calorimetric Study of Lewis Acid Centres and Adsorbed Water in the Heterogeneous Reactions Involving Tropospheric Particles J.-C. Petit J. Thlibi (Orléans).- 7.3 Laboratory Studies of the Phototransformation of Organic Compounds in the Presence of Water and/or Inorganic Particulate Solids P. Pichat C. Guillard C. Hoang-Van H. Delprat D. Mas F. Marine T. Bouvier B. Servajean (Lyon).- 7.4 Heterogeneous Reactions of Nitrogen Oxides (NO2, N25, HNO3, CIONO2) with Surfaces Representative of Atmospheric Aerosol M. J. Rossi F. F. Fenter K. Tabor F. Caloz L. Gutzwiller (Lausanne).- 7.5 Heterogeneous Reactions of Air Pollutants on Various Solid Surfaces C. Vinckier N. Van Hoof S. Ashty F. Compernolle (Leuven).- 8 HALIPP Publications 1988-1995.
The "European Experiment on the Transport and Transformation of Environmentally Relevant Trace Constituents over Europe" (EUROTRAC) was established in 1986 to tackle the scientific problem and combine the expertise, knowledge and resources in Europe, in order to apply them over a large region covering the greater part of the continent. EUROTRAC is a coordinated multidisciplinary scientific research project involving field measurements, laboratory studies, instrument development and development of comprehensive computer models for the simulation of the physical and chemical processes in the lower atmosphere.
Autor: Peter Warneck
ISBN-13:: 9783540607922
ISBN: 3540607927
Verlag: Springer, Berlin
Gewicht: 511g
Seiten: 254
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 254xx mm, 39 Tabellen