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ISBN-13: 9783640239825
Einband: Taschenbuch
Seiten: 104
Gewicht: 160 g
Format: 210x148x7 mm
Sprache: Englisch

Conflicts and Forced Migration: Empirical evidence for Africa

Bd.V120100, Akademische Schriftenreihe
Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 110/110 CUM LAUDE, , 162 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In this study, we explore the relationship between forced migration and conflicts in Africa. Previous analyses have identified the presence of conflicts as the main determinant of forced migration. Yet, we argue that population movements can be an important mechanism by which conflicts spread across countries. Hence, forced migration flows are not only the consequence but can also be the cause of conflicts. Because these arguments have never been put to a systematic empirical test, the main contribution of this study is to test them empirically using an original dataset. The dataset includes a panel of 43 African countries for the years 1960-2006. The analysis is divided in two parts: the first part examines the impact of conflicts on forced migration outflows; the second part investigates the effect of refugee inflows on the onset of conflicts in hosting countries. We find that forced migration outflows in countries at war are significantly higher in comparison to countries at peace. Moreover, the decision of migrants to abandon their homeland is also influenced by the presence of civil wars in neighbouring states. Finally, we also find that the presence of refugees from neighbouring countries leads to an increased probability of the hosting state experiencing civil wars, especially ethnic civil wars. These findings have important policy implications. Because conflicts produce large displaced populations and because those movements create security concerns in receiving countries, the priority of the African governments and the international community should be put on breaking this vicious cycle.
ISBN-13:: 9783640239825
ISBN: 3640239822
Verlag: GRIN Verlag
Gewicht: 160g
Seiten: 104
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Taschenbuch, 210x148x7 mm, 4 Farbabb.